Situated over the South Pole almost entirely south of latitude 66°30′ south (the Antarctic Circle). Antarctica is a very rough circular shape with the long arm of the Antarctic Peninsula stretching towards South America. There are two large indentations, the Ross and Weddell seas and their ice shelves.
The nearest other land masses are South America 1000 km (600 mls) away across the roughest stretch of water in the world – the Drake passage, Australia is 2500 km (1550 mls) away, and South Africa 4000 km (2500 mls) away.
The total surface area is about 14.2 million sq km (5.5 million sq mls) in summer, approximately twice the size of Australia, half as big again as the USA and fifty times the size of the UK.
In the winter Antarctica doubles in size due to the sea ice that forms around the coasts. The true boundary of Antarctica is not the coastline of the continent itself or the outlying islands, but the Antarctic Convergence.
1. Antarctica is the largest desert in the world.
2. Antarctica is coldest, windiest, direst and highest continent in the world.
3. The coldest place on earth is a high ridge in Antarctica where temperatures can drop below -133 degree Fahrenheit (-93 degree Celsius).
4. 90% of the world’s fresh water is in Antarctica.
5. Some parts of Antarctica are know to have had no rain or snow fall in the last 2 million years.
6. Antarctica is the only continent without reptiles.
7. Ice melting in Antarctica has caused slight shift in gravity in the region.
8. You cannot work in Antarctica, unless your wisdom teeth and appendix are removed.
9. Chili has a civilian town in Antarctica, complete with a school,hospital,Internet, Hostel, Post office, TV and mobile phone coverage.
10. Antarctica is the only continent without a timezone.
11. The Ice sheet of Antarctica has been in existence for at least 40 million years.
12. There’s a treaty signed by 38 countries that prohibits military activities, mining, nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal in Antarctica.
13. A scientist in Antarctica got a date through tinder with a gal camping just 45 minutes away.
14. In 1977, Argentina sent a Pregnant Mother to Antarctica to claim a portion of the continent. The boy became the first know human to be born in Antarctica.
15. The average thickness of Ice in Antarctica is about 1 mile (1.6 KM).
16. Winds in some places of Antarctica can reach up to 200 MPH (320 KM/H).
17. There is a waterfall in Antarctica that runs red as blood.
18. There are no polar bears in Antarctica, only in the Arctic.